Lausanne in 1900
From 1870 to 1914, there was unprecedented development in Lausanne. Because of its growing population, the city developed on all sides. The arrival of the railway was crucial. The opening of the Simplon in 1906 made Lausanne a major tourist centre. Around Saint-François, imposing monuments were adorned with historical styles and welcomed new infrastructures, a post office, new institutions, the Federal Tribunal, banks and large stores.