Lausanne’s first Golden Age lasted from the 12th century to the middle of the 14th, a period of growth for all European cities. At that time Lausanne was visited for many reasons: it was the capital of a small state – the Diocese of Lausanne – the headquarters of a larger diocese of the same name, an important stop on the road to Italy, and a popular destination for pilgrimages. The city was spread across the hills of La Cité, Bourg and Saint-Laurent, as well as down into the valleys between them. The population was then around 5,000 to 6,000. The Cathedral is the symbol of this period, from which only a few Gothic structures – but notable ones – have survived.